Japan And Indonesia Determined To Curb Climate Change

Japanese and Indonesian leaders are urging UN climate conference negotiators, currently in Copenhagen, to agree on a deal setting up targets to reduce carbon emissions.

Indonesia is one of the developing countries that could experience the most damaging consequences of rising temperatures. Japan is offering Indonesia a helping hand by proposing low-interest loans worth 425 million dollars, in order to aid the country adapt to climate change impacts.

“We should make certain that COP15 (the Copenhagen talks) will not fail, so we have come up with very bold targets,” says Japanese Prime Minister, Yukio Hatoyama.

The loans, equating to 37.44 billion yen, would “support the government of Indonesia’s efforts for measures against climate change”, according to a Japanese official traveling with the Prime Minister.

These measures include reducing carbon emissions and “strengthening adaptability to bad effects of climate change”.

Hatoyama further states that the 2 Asian nations - Japan being a major economic power and Indonesia potentially representing a future power - have established a benchmark for CO2 reduction targets and that they would “cooperate in order to involve the major emitters”.

Japan has the ambition to reduce carbon emissions by 25% by 2020 from 1990 levels, which is the best target set so far by a large, advanced economy, and which also represents the first target to meet the threshold advised by UN scientists to prevent irreversible and catastrophic temperature rises.

Indonesia aims to cut the country's emissions by 26% from 2005 levels by 2020.

Although the details of how these cuts will be reached remain slightly vague, Hatoyama claims the targets are “very achievable”.

Deforestation, for timber production and palm oil plantations, has made Indonesia the 3rd largest greenhouse gases emitter, after China and the US.

The Copenhagen climate summit's outcome is expected to be the issue of a post-2012 pact to reduce the emission of heat-trapping gases that are currently responsible for global warming.

Thursday 10th December 2009

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